It is a landlocked country having its border with People’s Republic of China to the north and with India to the south, east and west. The Himalaya mountain range runs across Nepal’s northern and western parts, and eight of the world’s ten highest mountains, including the highest, Mount Everest, are within its territory.
Nepal has been honored by UNESCO as a country with the most recognized World Heritage Sites in such a small area. Nepal is a mystical country in the Himalayas which not only has abundant natural beauty, but it also holds a cultural heritage that goes back to centuries. Other treasures include tropical jungles with exotic bio-diversities and wildlife, unending view of green terraced ridges, white water rafting in the Himalayan rivers and also a perfect ambience to learn Buddhism. In Nepal enchantment is everywhere, be it on the shoulders of high mountains, on terraced ridges that resemble stairways to the sky, in the bustle of cities, on calm or rushing rivers, or in the forests full of wildlife, flowers and bird song. We have something for everybody -a tourist or a trekker, a river runner or a wildlife enthusiast, a poet or an artist, a writer or a scholar or anyone in search of his/ her personal Shangri-La.
Hinduism is practiced by some 80% of the people, but the country also has a strong Buddhist tradition; Lumbini, and Janakpur, the birthplace of Buddha Siddhartha Gautama and Sita (consort of Rama) respectively are located in the Terai, one of the three regions of Nepal.
The capital, Kathmandu is the largest city in the country. The official language is Nepali and the state currency is the Nepalese Rupee (NRs).
Prior to 2006, Nepal was a kingdom. It is now a federal democratic republic. Following the people’s movement in 2007 the interim Parliament passed a bill and declared Nepal to be a Federal Democratic Republic. It was implemented by the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly on May 28, 2008.
Nepal, the country of Himalayas, is much more than what it seems. Home to eight out of fourteen tallest peaks and birthplace of Lord Buddha, there are plethora of travel options in Nepal. Although, it is cumbersome to provide thorough description of this exotic and majestic land especially when it comes to Nepal travel.