Pashupatinath is the greatest site of Lord Shiva in Nepal. Pashupatinath is the most sacred Hindu shrine in Nepal and is located in Kathmandu near Airport. Existence of Pashupatinath dates back to 400 A.D. The richly-ornamented pagoda houses the sacred linga or holy symbol of Lord Shiva. Pashupatinath is 6km from centre of Kathmandu Valley and is at a height of 1,400 m (4,600 ft.)
The temple is listed in UNESCO World Heritage Site. Shivaratri, or the night of Lord Shiva, is the most important festival that is celebrated here, attracting more than 800,000 of devotees and sadhus in a day from Nepal, India and tourist from various parts of the world to witness this unique and ancient culture preserved in its original state.
Daily Arati, enchantment of Sacred prayers and Puja takes place in Pashupatinath Temple by the priests/pujaris. Every evening Arati is celebrated in banks of Bagamati River and is attended by thousands of people from Nepal, India and other countries. Pashupatinath Temple is a collection of temples, ashrams, images and ancient inscription raised over the century’s loan history still preserved in its original culture along the banks of sacred Bagmati river.
Pashupatinath origin comes from the broken horn of Deer. Lord Shiva travelling in forest in the form of Deer was held by other God’s by his horn forcing Lord Shiva to return to his original divine form. The Deer’s horn got brooked. This broken horn was worshipped as a linga but overtime it was buried and lost. Centuries later an astonished herdsmen found one of his cows showering the earth with milk. Digging deep at the site, he discovered the divine linga of Pashupatinath.
Another origin story involves Parvati’s incarnation as Sati, who gave up her life because her father didn’t respect Shiva. Grieved at losing her, Shiva wandered the world carrying her body. Wherever pieces of her body fell, temples were established, including one at Guhyeshwari adjoining the Pashupatinath complex. There is image of Guhyeshwari carved in Pashupatinath temple and is worshiped by those who cannot travel to Guhyeshwari temple situated up in the hill.