Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitudinal variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 mt above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8848 mt, all within a distance of 150 km resulting into climate condition from subtropical to Arctic.
Nepal occupying only 0.1% of the total landmass of the earth is home to –
• 2% of all the flowering plants in the world
• 8% of the world's population of birds (more than 848 species)
• 4% of mammals on earth
• 11 of the world's 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species)
• 600 indigenous plant families
• 319 species of exotic orchids.
Area : 147, 181 sq. km
Location : Situated between Tibet Autonomous Region of China in the north and India in the east,
west and south.
Capital : Kathmandu
Population : 26 million
People : 101 ethnic group and 92 spoken languages
Language : Nepali is the national language, but travel-trade people and people in cities can
understand and speak English as well.
Religion : Nepal is secular state with pre-dominance of Hindu and Buddhist population.
Currency : Nepali Rupee
Political system : Federal Democratic Republic.
CLIMATE IN NEPAL
It has 4 major seasons and can be visited whole year round –
Spring: March – May
Summer: June - Aug
Autumn: September - November
Winter: December – February
The climate changes rapidly from the sub-tropical Tarai to the cool dry temperate and alpine conditions in the northern Himalayan ranges. Southern part, Tarai, is the hottest part of the country, summer temperatures rise above 40°C. The climate here is hot and humid. In the middle hills, the summer climate is pleasant with temperatures around 20°C - 27°C.
The winter temperatures range from 5°C to 25°C in the Tarai and 0 to 12°C in the mountainous regions, hills and valleys. The northern Himalayan region has an alpine climate with temperatures reaching below -30°C. The valley of Kathmandu has a pleasant climate with an average summer and winter temperatures of 19°C - 27°C and 2°C - 12°C respectively.
WHAT TO WEAR
Light weight clothing is recommended from April through September. Warm garments are required from October through March. An umbrella or a raincoat is recommended for the rainy season (June – Aug).
ACCESS TO NEPAL
BY AIR - The only international airport in Kathmandu, Tribhuwan International Airport can be reached by air from Delhi, Dubai, Doha, Bangkok, Hongkong, Kuala Lumpur, SharjahSharjah, Lhasa, Amsterdam, Bahrain, Bangladesh, paro, Kunming, Guanzhou, Abu dhabi, Kolkatta, Varanasi, Seoul and Muscat.
BY LAND – Visitors coming to Nepal by land should enter from one the entry points, Kakarbhitta, Birgung, Belhiya, Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj, Dhangadi, Gadda Chauki (Mahendra Nagar) in the Nepal-India border and Kodari in the Nepal-China border. Tourist entering Nepal with their vehicles must possess an international carnet or completer customs formalities.
All baggage must be declared and cleared through the customs on arrival at the port of entry. Passengers arriving Kathmandu at Tribhuvan International Airport without any dutiable goods can proceed through the Green Channel for quick clearance without a baggage check. But if you are carrying dutiable articles, you have to pass through the Red Channel for detailed customs clearance.
Apart from used personal belongings, visitors are allowed to bring to Nepal free of duty cigarette (200) or cigars (50), distilled liquor (one 1.15 liter bottle), and film (15 rolls). You can also bring in the following articles free of duty on condition that you take them out with you when you leave: binoculars, movie or video camera, still camera, laptop computer, and portable music system.
Medical facilities in Kathmandu Valley are of international standard. All kinds of medicines, including those imported from overseas are available in Kathmandu. Kathmandu Valley also offers the services private clinics. Health posts have been set up by the government in different parts of rural Nepal. However, facilities are not on par with those found in Kathmandu Valley.
A travel insurance policy that covers theft, loss and medical treatment is recommended. Make sure the insurance also covers the activities that you will be undertaking during your stay in Nepal such as trekking, rafting.
Visitors do not need any particular immunization for Nepal visit. We however, recommend to have complete check-up by physician before leaving home.
A simple but adequate medical kit can be very useful while traveling. The following items are recommended: Aspirin - for pain or fever; Antihistamine - as a decongestant for colds, allergies and to help prevent motion sickness; Antibiotics - useful if traveling off beaten track but they must be prescribed; Imodium - for stomach upsets; Rehydration mixture - for treatment of severe diarrhea; Antiseptic, water-purification tablets, throat lozenges (Strepsils), chopsticks, mercurochrome and antibiotic powder or similar 'dry' spray - for cuts and grazes.
Nepal time is 5 hrs 45 minutes ahead of GMT.
Telephone and mobile network is good all over the country. Most of the hotels have WIFI facility. Ciber Cafe shops are providing email and internet services for very reasonable price.
220 Volts AC - 50 Cycles throughout the country.
Except in some places, photography is generally allowed everywhere.
OFFICIAL WEEKLY HOLIDAYS
Saturday is the official weekly holiday when most of the shops are closed. Museums remain closed on Tuesdays and other Govt. holidays.
In major cities boiled and filtered water as well as mineral water is available in most of the hotels and restaurants. Elsewhere, it is advisable to use water purifying tablets or stick to boiled water, tea and soft drinks.
Most of the international Credit Cards are widely accepted by hotels and leading agents in cities. But while trekking cash is recommended.